Sustainable Development Goals
In 2000, at the turn of the century, world leaders came together at the United Nations (UN) and agreed on a bold vision for the future through the Millennium Declaration. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were a pledge to uphold the principles of human dignity, equality and equity, and free the world from extreme poverty by the end of 2015. The MDGs, with eight goals and a set of measurable time bound targets, established a blueprint for tackling the most pressing development challenges of our time.
It is also recognized that much remains to be done, and that formidable challenges will remain beyond 2015 across all activities represented by the eight MDGs of 2000. It is for these reasons that the international community has been working with increasing intensity not only towards accelerated progress on MDGs by the end of 2015, but also towards a global consensus on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which are envisaged to follow the MDGs. The post-2015 development agenda is scheduled to carry on the work of the MDGs and integrate the social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainable development providing a solid foundation for the post-2015 development agenda.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), officially known as Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a set of 17 "Global Goals" with 169 targets between them.
Through words and deeds, the UAE leadership has indicated the importance of the Millennium Development Goals for its current foreign aid efforts and as a strong foundation for the Sustainable Development Goals.
The role of Mohammad Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Charity and Humanitarian Establishment (MBRCH) in supporting the SDGs
MBRCH Establishment has supported the achievement of the following SDGs:
Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
There are 36 million people still live in extreme poverty, and about one in five persons in developing regions lives on less than $1.25 per day.
To contribute to the achievement of this goal, the establishment has funded income generating projects to improve the living conditions of families in developing countries. Examples of these projects include opening tailor shops and providing sewing machines, and supporting projects like raising cows and sheep and other livestock. Projects have been implemented in countries such as Egypt, Somalia and Tajikistan.
MBRCH established vocational training centers in Mauritania and Lebanon. These centers will support the targeted groups in having better job opportunities.
Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
Globally, one in nine people in the world today (805 million) are undernourished. The majority of the world’s hungry people live in developing countries, where 13.5 per cent of the population is undernourished.
MBRCH continuously provides food aid in most humanitarian disasters, and distributes meat and food cards. The entity also supports the promotion of agriculture through the provision of grains for planting the construction of water canals. The projects were implemented in Somalia and Tajikistan.
Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
17,000 fewer children die each day than in 1990, but more than six million children still die before their fifth birthday each year. Despite determined global progress, an increasing proportion of child deaths are in sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia. Four out of every five deaths of children under age five occur in these regions.
Maternal mortality has fallen by almost 50 per cent since 1990. But maternal mortality ratio – the proportion of mothers that do not survive childbirth compared to those who do – in developing regions is still 14 times higher than in the developed regions.
MBRCH contributes through an initiative called “Nabadat" in reducing child mortality. The initiative includes building clinics for children and women, which include necessary medical equipment for childbirth, hiring midwives, providing ambulances to ensure that patients access clinics and hospitals as soon as possible for treatment. The project was implemented in Palestine, Sudan and Somalia.
The Establishment provides aid to the King Hussein Cancer Center in Jordan.
Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning
Enrolment in primary education in developing countries has reached 91 per cent but 57 million children remain out of school. More than half of children that have not enrolled in school live in sub-Saharan Africa. An estimated 50 per cent of out-of-school children of primary school age live in conflict-affected areas. 103 million youth worldwide lack basic literacy skills, and more than 60 per cent of them are women.
MBRCH established Dar Zayed orphanage in Kandahar, Afghanistan in 2003 at a cost of AED 25 million. The orphanage has 22 classrooms providing basic elementary and secondary education. Each class has around 30 to 40 students. It also has housing facilities, a mosque for 500 worshipers, seven large buses, and a restaurant which provides meals for the orphans. All the necessary stationery and requirements are funded by MBRCH.
MBRCH also funded the establishment of schools in a remote area in Tajikistan, schools in Gaza, Palestine, and schools in Kazakhstan. It has funded vocational training centers in Mauritania and Tajikistan.
Goal 6: Ensure access to water and sanitation for all
2.6 billion people have gained access to improved drinking water sources since 1990, but 663 million people are still without
At least 1.8 billion people globally use a source of drinking water that is fecally contaminated
MBRCH has funded the building of water wells in many developing countries. A water distribution station and a water well has been built in Tajikistan. It provides clean water to three villages that includes 2,000 households in the area. The Establishment also built a village in Afghanistan providing get clean water to 15 km.
In Somalia, it drilled and rehabilitated 40 water wells to provide clean water in different regions. In Sri Lanka, the Establishment built houses and provided water wells serving the area. In Darfur, it has built water wells operated on solar power. These water wells help preserving the livestock and agriculture in general.
MBRCH also provided sanitation services, such as construction of bathrooms in China and Ethiopia.